In Africa, the very high percentage of unemployed youth or young working poor is directly relevant to the priority of SDG 1 (“End poverty in all its forms everywhere“). In the EU, the multiplication of precarious jobs and non-standard forms of contracts and high levels of unemployment have long-term consequences for the earning potential of youth and their future opportunities, ultimately inhibiting economic innovation and jeopardising the achievement of (“Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all”). The role of the private sector in generating jobs is key. But in order to attract responsible domestic and foreign investments, stable and open financial systems, an enabling investment climate and proactive job creation policies are required. At the same time, it is crucial to ensure that social protection systems are adequate and adapted to new forms of work.